Digital Roots

发布于 2019-06-07  90 次阅读


Digital Roots

题目链接

题目

  • The digital root of a positive integer is found by summing the digits of the integer. If the resulting value is a single digit then that digit is the digital root. If the resulting value contains two or more digits, those digits are summed and the process is repeated. This is continued as long as necessary to obtain a single digit.
  • For example, consider the positive integer 24. Adding the 2 and the 4 yields a value of 6. Since 6 is a single digit, 6 is the digital root of 24. Now consider the positive integer 39. Adding the 3 and the 9 yields 12. Since 12 is not a single digit, the process must be repeated. Adding the 1 and the 2 yeilds 3, a single digit and also the digital root of 39.

输入

  • The input file will contain a list of positive integers, one per line. The end of the input will be indicated by an integer value of zero.

输出

For each integer in the input, output its digital root on a separate line of the output.

样例输入

  • 24
  • 39
  • 0

样例输出

  • 6
  • 3

思路

  • 个人想法:用递归的方式 然后提交了几遍都是wa开了 long long
#include <cstdio>
long long sum(long long n)
{
    long long s = 0,tmp;
    while(n)
    {
        tmp = n%10;
        n/=10;
        s+=tmp;
    }
    return s;   
}
int main()
{
    long long n;
    while(~scanf("%lld",&n)&&n)
    {
        while(n-9)
        {
            n = sum(n);
        }
        printf("%lld\n",n);
    }
    return 0;
}
  • 数据过大,题目也不得说

正确解法

  • 改成string
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
    string n;
    int sum;
    while(cin--n,n != "0")
    {
        sum = 0;
        for(int i=0;i<n.length();i++)
        {
            sum+=n[i]-'0';
            //cout << "sum:" << sum << endl;
            if(sum>9)
                sum = sum/10+sum%10;
        }
        cout << sum << endl;
    }
}

水过


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